Our Baychester eye surgeon, Dr. Gary R. Fishman, will give you a comprehensive exam to not only detect macular degeneration but determine if you are at risk of developing it. Of all the eye diseases that affect your central vision, age-related macular degeneration is the most common. Mainly affecting people over the age of 60, macular degeneration occurs in two forms, wet and dry. Wet macular degeneration is not as common but more aggressive in its development, prompting loss of central vision. Dry macular degeneration is more common and progresses much slower before causing vision loss. Dr. Fishman tests the sharpness of your vision and uses an “Amsler grid” to establish if your vision has already been affected. Dr. Fishman stays well-educated on all the latest advancements in both types of macular degeneration and makes sure to keep our patients very well-informed.
With dry macular degeneration, light-sensitive cells in the macula break down more slowly. Frequently happening in one eye at first, central vision diminishes with less of the macula functioning. Our Baychester eye surgeon at Vision Center of New York will explain how dry macular degeneration is much more common than wet and how its cause is unknown. Wet macular degeneration develops when abnormal blood vessels begin to grow underneath the retina and begin to leak fluid and blood. Central vision becomes blurred when the fluid and blood raise the macula from the back of the eye, its normal place, causing it to interfere with the proper function of the retina. Under these circumstances, vision loss can be rapid and severe.
Our Baychester eye surgeon will assure you that macular degeneration doesn’t cause any pain and the most common early symptom is blurred vision. The symptoms can affect your day to life, however, making driving, reading, and recognizing faces difficult. Other symptoms can include difficulty driving at night, not seeing colors as intensely, and a hazier quality to overall vision. All of these symptoms can also be present with the wet form of macular degeneration but the most common symptom in wet macular degeneration is straight lines appearing wavy or crooked. Wet macular degeneration can be treated with injections into the eye and laser surgery. Unfortunately, these treatments are not a permanent cure and loss of vision, and the disease, can continue to grow despite treatment. There is currently no treatment available to reverse dry macular degeneration but dry macular degeneration normally develops at a slower pace and most of our patients with this condition are able to live relatively normal, productive lives.